These days even doctors recommend patients to drink water stored in copper jugs overnight on empty stomachs. Our ancestors were wise and intelligent; no wonder they used vessels made of brass and copper and they lived a longer life and were healthier than our generation. Also according to Ayurveda, there are three doshas in our bodies namely vata, kapha and pitta and it is commonly believed drinking water stored in copper jug has the ability to balance all these three doshas of our bodies.
Most of us store water in steel jugs or plastic bottles and we know drinking water in plastic bottles is not safe. Fancy bottles available in markets are made of cheap plastic which can cause health hazard in the long run. Steel vessels are better compared to plastic bottles but the best ones are the jugs, lotas and chombu that are made of copper. These copper vesselspossess an antique look and a vintage touch.
Given an opportunity, I would love to have only brass and copper utensils at home. The reason behind this is: firstly it looks classic and adds glamour to your kitchen and secondly it is healthy to eat or drink in these vessels or utensils. I had heard so much about the copper wonder jug that I literally wanted to own it, but at the same time I never really went out to buy it. Like they say if you really wish for something, it will come true and guess what? I got a classy looking copper jug as a wedding gift, I was on cloud nine then and I still am. The reason why I am going gaga over this jug is because it has quite a lot of benefits and I personally have experienced them.
These copper vessels, particularly the antique copper jugs, tumblers, drinking pots and storage vessels are a style statement in themselves; they come in different shapes and sizes. Some even have matching accessories that can make your dining table look royal. These antique copper vessels look traditional but at the same time they are so elegant. I am sure by now you are already visualising a copper vessel in your house.
Well, let me tell the benefits of drinking water stored in copper vessels. We are aware that our body needs adequate amount of minerals and one such mineral is copper which when consumed in small quantity helps in proper functioning of our body. Copper, when it comes in contact with water, releases its positive properties, which is extremely healthy.
Drinking This Water Can Help Us In Many Ways
Copper helps in digestion and prevents ailments like ulcers and indigestion. Copper has the properties to kill harmful bacteria in the stomach.
Drinking water stored in copper vessel in empty stomach can detox your body and helps in proper functioning of liver and kidneys. It further aids in weight loss and slows down aging.
As copper is anti-bacterial in nature, it helps in healing wounds and boosting your immune system.
Recent studies show that copper helps in regulating cardio vascular diseases, hyper tension and can even help in fighting cancer.
There are hundreds of other benefits, you will have to believe it and trust me you won’t regret buying a nice antique or contemporary copper vessel.
However, before you pick it off the shelf there are a few things you have to be cautious about. While buying a copper vessel, for example, look for a vessel that is made of pure copper and not a one that is an amalgamation of alloys. Copper is a soft metal and it is difficult to mould it into delicate designs. If there are carvings or if the vessel looks really fancy then you have to understand that there is some other metal mixed with copper. Hence, it is better to buy pure copper vessels that look simple and plain.
Next thing to do after purchasing the vessel is to clean it thoroughly. Before you start using it, make it a point to clean it properly with soap and lime juice. You can cut a slice of lime and rub it all around and inside the vessel, rinse it with clean water and pat dry. You can also use tamarind fruit juice in place of lime.
Avoid using coarse scrubbers as copper might erode and there may be scratch marks on the vessel.You can also use baking soda with water to wash your priced copper vessel. Avoid using the branded chemical cleaners that are available in the market since they interact with copper metal and take away the upper layer of the vessel.
Did You Know?
About two glasses of water stored in a copper vessel per day is enough for you to reap the benefits.
Gifting Idea? Why Not?
The copper vessel would be an ideal gift for every occasion. So next time when you have to attend a wedding or a birthday party, you know what to buy. You would be giving an item at the same time you would be gifting good health. Age old techniques that have passed the test of time always have to be valued and preserved. Copper vessels were a part of ancient Indian civilization; we can make it a part of our lives in present times and pass it on to generations that would come after us.
Storing Water In Copper Vessels. Not Just About Glasses Anymore!
There are so many ways of storing water in copper vessels to get the health benefits.
You can use a big copper pot to store water and take it out from the pot whenever you need for your regular drinking purpose. The big vessel can hold water for your requirement of 4 or 5 days requirement. This way you need not have to bother whether you kept the water in the previous night in a small vessel for your next day morning drink.
You can also store water in a jug or an Iyengar chombu which would hold minimum 2 tumblers of water that will serve you throughout the day. Adding few Tulasi leaves will further enhance the benefits of the water and imparts a pleasant aroma to the water.
You need not have to worry if you do not have a full copper vessel. There are traditional vessels available with the combination of copper and brass like Ganga Jamuna Lota, the brass representing the river Ganga and the copper representing Jamuna are equally good to store the water since you get the benefits of both the metals.
So what are you waiting for? Have something to ask? Feel free to ask and we will be happy to help.
I have known YK Sir for little over a month now, we were introduced by a common friend and since then we have been exchanging mails and talking over the phone. I can say we have been bonding over antiques. We never met officially until last Saturday (26th December, 2015). After exchanging a couple of mails- planning our rendezvous, we finally met and ever since that meeting all I am doing is thinking and visualising about the items(rare, classic, vintage and old) that were displayed in his house. I went along with my friends who had come down from Bangalore for Christmas vacation and they can’t stop raving about what they witnessed. All of us were mesmerised and captivated by his signature collection of antiques. I felt like I was inside a museum and not in a house. Every nook and corner of his house has found a place to hold an antique and a rare item. Hats off to you sir! For your passion and commitment towards protecting the culture, heritage and art. You have been instrumental in telling and teaching history, art and literature to our generation. We will be ever grateful to you for starting this venture to make art and antiques available to all.
There are items in his house that we had never even imagined in our wildest dreams, trust me it actually existed, some of them were extensively used by people back then. Few of the displayed items are very old, I can say as old as the mountains; it dates back to the seventeenth and eighteenth century. I felt enlightened when he showed us the measuring cups used in India, during the imperial rule. These little cups were used to measure grains, rather than the weight, people those days focused on the volume of grains that the little cup would hold. The basic measure of volume capacity is Gidda. Gidda is defined as that much volume which holds 900 rice grains and which equates to 5.837 cubic inches. These cups used to be of different sizes and thus the measurement differed.
Yet another piece of artistry that caught my attention was the knot detangler. It belongs to the medieval time and it is made of brass again. First look at it, you will be sure it is a cutlery item, looks more or less like a two tooth fork but your guess is far from reality. This mystical looking object is an item of vanity, it is an older version of modern day hair brush. It was used by women back in the days to detangle the knots from their hair. It leaves you speechless, at least I was, I started wondering how could people hundreds of years without modern day technology make such wonderful objects.
Another item that left me awestruck is the way he has improvised these antiques and converted them to household items that can be readily used today. For example: his dining table is made in the most innovative way; The base of the table is a huge brass water storage pot, called gangalam that can stand upright. Brass pots are heavy and cannot be moved easily, so he has taken that simple logic and fixed a large glass sheet on the mouth of the pot, which would have been otherwise fitted with a lid, and the result is an excellent vintage and antique looking dining table. As glass is transparent it doesn’t hide or cover the intricacy of the pot; so while you are eating your meal you can also get a good glimpse of the pot below. Similarly his centre table is a smaller looking brass pot with a yet another glass sheet. He has successfully blended classic looking antique with glass. This gavehis house a perfect ambience of contemporary as well as an antique look.
There are hundreds of items that he has collected over the years belonging to different cultures, used by people from different religious backgrounds and used in different time periods. His collections range and vary in size; some are enormously huge where as others are miniatures. No matter how old they are, how big or small these artefacts are they tell a story and bring back the culture and heritage of people who lived in that era. We can only imagine how they lived and what kind of life style they followed, these antique and rare collectibles act as a medium or a pathway between us and the people who were part of our rich culture and history.
A lot of antique collectors start off with an interest in old coins. Coin toning is a term used to describe the discolouring of coins which happens due to the oxygen in the air and its effects on the metal of the coin.The word of the day today for the budding numismatist is toning. I’m sure the antiquer in you is eager to figure out how toning applies to you and your love for antiquing.If you have a conversation with someone interested in coins, they will give you varied opinions about toning. For some of them, they think that toning is a good idea; it not only reflects age, but it also can add beauty to the coin itself. But some are of the opinion that all toning does it take away from what the coin is supposed to look like.
A Bit More About Coin Toning
Basically, coin toning is a process in which the metal that the coin is made of corrodes over time. But before you start worrying about how it affects your collection, it happens really slowly over years and that too only if it’s not packed in vacuum. Natural toning in fact is very pretty in most cases as it changes colour gradually, but sometimes really old coins can turn very ugly as well. You want to keep an eye out for the coins you pick up or buy.
Things You Should Know
There are a few things here to consider though, if you do like the look of toned coins.There is natural toning that happens over the years, but there is also artificial toning that is done by experts in the field, they are known as coin doctors. So the real question here then becomes “What is the value of a toned coin?(be it artificial or natural toning).
When a coin starts tarnishing naturally, it can turn rather ugly, especially if it an old coin. An old coin definitely has more chances of being sold if it presented better after being cleaned and toned and made to look good, shiny and attractive. But on the flip side, considering numismatists are not crows and don’t look for shiny stuff only, there’s always a chance it won’t be popular with them. It comes down to which side of the fence you fall on, on this.
Should you find yourself on the tarnished side of this fence, considering you are a newbie here, what should you be looking for? Coins turn different colours when toned based on the metal that they are made of. Different metals turn different colours.
Silver coins – Silver, before it tarnishes to a complete dark black, can take on a very beautiful rainbow colours. Sterling silver also corrodes over time, but definitely presents with a completely different set of colours and tones. This difference is most noticeable in the way ancient British and American silver coins looks different even if they belong to the same age.
In the case of silver, the coins turn colours because of the metals that it has been alloyed with. Ancient silver coins are black because of the sulphides the metal reacts with. Sometimes in the case when they are alloyed with copper, they can turn green.
Gold coins – The same way, gold being one of the most inactive metals to make coins with, can end up with a reddish orange colour. By virtue of being gold, it turns dull before any other reactions appear on it.
Copper and aluminium coins – Copper can go from the typical orange-brown to a reddish colour to nearly all brown. And Aluminium, one of the most used metals for coin making around the world becomes a dull grey.
In all these cases, if it is a natural tone, it can add value to the coin.
The problem with artificially toning a coin is that when the instant colour is applied to a coin in whatever manner; the coin’s value automatically decreases. So, since recognizing a coin that is artificially toned is pretty hard to identify, you want to be careful about buying it for a lot of money.
There are several kinds of artificial toning:
Monster toning (wild toning)
Target toning (colours that change from the edge of the coin to the centre)
Toning in rainbow colours
This can sometimes make it make a higher grade based on what it looks like.
Figuring Out The Value Of A Coin
It is not very hard actually. All you really need is a coin catalogue to begin with. Most coin catalogues will not just give you information about the coin, but will even give you the value of the coin. Since they are subject to change every year, just make sure that you consult a current catalogue. ‘The Standard Catalogue of World Coins’ is a good place to start if you are an amateur.
If you have the time and the means to do it, try contacting a certified appraiser. An appraiser is someone who is trained to evaluate coins based on their condition. You can contact an appraiser by talking to your local coin dealer.
Last but not least, here is what a numismatist says about buying coins (both ancient and modern) for amateurs:
Buy them only from reputed dealers. That way, you won’t get cheated and won’t end up with fake coins.
Make sure you keep the bills and receipts and invoices related to the coins you buy along with their history.
If you are getting them imported, make sure they are declared and their history checks out.
Just because you see a coin does not mean you have to get it. Make sure you have a full appreciation of what the coin is before you get it.
You are all set then, you are good to go! Happy hunting!
Now, the bibliophile in you is tap tapping away at a computer every night as you churn out your master pieces, all the while hoping that you had one of those fancy type writers. How do I know this, you ask me? That’s because I have the misfortune of having a brain that constantly obsesses over old and outdated things as well.
Now that you know about my obsession for good old things, it’s time to tell you about the one fascinating portable vintage type writer that I saw recently. This is not to say that I now have a vintage typewriter sitting in front of me, I’m learning all I can about everything I can really. In this process, I got to see the most wonderful specimen I am about to describe to you. I happened to visit the mini museum of antiques of Y Krishnamurthy and this beautiful piece caught my attention. Immediately the writer in me got into the details of this master portable type writer and now is this article in front of you.
It is a wonderful, light machine that weighs about 3 kgs and is very easy to carry. It comes with its own case that is a part of the body of the machine itself. How cool is that? Now it comes from somewhere around the mid-1960s and 70s when these were all the rage it seems. In fact, the antiquities expert who was showing it to me even cheekily said that they were the laptops of the era. Probably when they first came out, they would have been about 100 dollars, which when adjusted for inflation makes them super expensive in comparison to a laptop nowadays!
Being an item of age, it did have some basic minor blemishes and flaws. The paint under the space bar seems to have subbed off with age, as is with the right side and it shows obvious signs of use. Otherwise, I am assured that it is in perfect condition and has been cleaned and oiled and is ready for use. The case as well is in perfect condition with the clasps fitting in quite perfectly.
It was made in Japan, as it says on the machine itself, by the Welco Company, one of the more famous ones in the era, in the world of typewriters. Although it doesn’t really rank very high in the most popular list of typewriters, it was popular as the everyday man’s tool.
Here are some of the basic facts about it:
Company: Welco Electronics CmbH, Japan. Made in Japan
Brand Name: Welco
Model Number: 280 DELUXE
Serial number: 81011648
Colour of the box: Black
Typewriter: Yellow body with black and red keys
Start by understanding what the components of it are:
The knob to roll the papers
The platen to hold the papers
The bail to figure out where you want to start writing
The paper release to balance the paper
Carriage to put the whole thing together
Finally, you are ready to start typing.
A Basic Run-through
Here is how you use a typewriter. The first thing you get some good A4 sheets to type on. Step one is to insert the paper you are typing on over the platen. Make sure that you put two of them to protect your platen. Insert it correctly so it fits in fine. The next step is to roll the knob to ensure that the paper is in position for you to start typing. Remember that once you have typed something, there is no undoing it, so you want to decide what you want to put down on paper before you sit down to do this.
When you finish typing all that is on your mind, turn the knob to release the paper and you are done. Pull it out with a flourish for now you have joined that elite group of people can write a whole page without needing to ‘ctrl+z’ every four seconds!
In case you do a mistake in spelling the word, the only way to correct it is by painting the word with white correction fluid (almost the colour of the white paper).The wrong text is masked with white correction fluid by painting the text with the white fluid .The paint has to be dried completely before you retype on the painted section. The white fluid is packed in a small bottle with the cap attached with a brush which is always immersed in the white fluid.
Mr. Krishnamurthy tells me that this wonderful piece was purchased by his brother-in-law V. Venkateswara Rao in London way back in 1970s. Mr. Venkateswara Rao was deputed to a railway project in Nigeria and in one of his visits via London he has purchased this item. Ever since, he has been profusely using for his correspondence including a post card and inland letters. After the advent of cell phones, the classical way of communication through letters has become outdated and so the type writer. Knowing his passion for antiques, Mr. Venkateswara Rao gifted the pretty machine to Mr. Krishnamurthy for his collection.
Let me tell you about how to buy a type writer if you had to ever wanted a vintage portable typewriter of your own.
Here’s your very own three step guide to understanding vintage typewriters:
First: HOMEWORK. Go online, look around, and learn all that you need to know about type writers. One of these late 90’s sitcoms had a girl who thought that she typed everything out, and all she needed to do was hit print. Don’t be that girl! Understand completely what it is and what kinds exist. Doing a bit of research on what kind of a typewriter and what companies are out there, or were out there, will help you get a better understanding of what you want and how best you can procure it.
What I mean is this: You would think that QWERTY is because of typewriters, but there are some vintage ones that don’t have a QWERTY keyboard. Go figure!
Second: DEVIL’S IN THE DETAILS. If you know what the parts of your typewriter are, you will know if the vintage typewriter you want will need repairs after you get it. Knowing how much damage is there will help you determine if you want it or no. Become familiar with the keys and the mechanics of it all as well.
Helpful tip: This way, you know if the person selling it to you is just making up names of parts to fool you!
Third: VALUE. When you finally decide which one you want and have an understanding of whether it suits your needs, make sure you get a good one. If you go online to get one, make sure that you do it from a place that is not likely to sell you a fake. Or if you can go to a dealer or an antique shop or even a pawn shop, they will have an idea of what the real deal looks like and what it is supposed to be. And if they know what the real deal is, they will know the real value of the object. So that is your best bet. If you are buying it from a garage sale, chances are, there’s a great story in there.
If you are thinking of going antiquing this week, you’ve come to the right place. Though, if you know enough of it to make a weekend of antiquing, you know where to begin. But for the uninitiated, here is where you begin, be glad!
Let me start by giving you a dictionary meaning of the word and let’s take it from there. The Oxford dictionary says that an antique is a collectable item of high value because of its age and quality. Well, that is what an antique essentially is. But if you talk to someone who actually collects them, they will tell you it is much more than just that. I don’t know about the rest of the world, but I can tell you that there is a lot more to it; the anticipation when you know that you are going to see a new antique (an oxymoron, I know, but you know what I mean), learning the wonderful history behind it and finally that overwhelming joy when it is in your possession. It’s definitely more than just picking up a collectable with a high value due to its age and quality.
You are not here reading this post to hear me extol upon the joys of antiquing though. Getting back to the point, here are tips from some of the experts on antiques that we know who will help you get started on this wonderful new journey of antiques.
Tip 1: Start with the research. ALWAYS DO THE RESEARCH RIGHT. If you know you are going antiquing, make sure you know what you want and focus on that. Let’s say you want something that belongs to the Elizabethan era, know enough about it so you are not conned into buying something that is not from it. But also know that just because you like something from a certain era, you need to make sure you remember what you can. You can’t afford and then set your eye on something. Once you know what you want, it is easier to go looking for it.
Tip 2: DON’T BE LATE. Should you decide that you are going to the antique market or flea market this week, make sure you go there on time. The best stuff is there in the morning and the earlier you go, the quicker you get to the bargains. Isn’t that the whole plan here? The more the things you see, the more you end up with.
Tip 3: TALK TO YOUR LOCAL EXPERTS. While you may think that the internet, the all magical solution to all your problems will know everything about antiques, it will definitely help if you talk to some of the local experts on the subject. One of the biggest advantages of going to a local expert is that they will know about trustworthy dealers and the like, helping you network and understand the world of antiques as well. Most importantly, if you are on good terms with this expert you decide to talk to, he might even let you know when he spots one you want. Neat idea, right?
Tip 4: HAGGLE. It would be quite counterproductive for you and your wallet if you walked into an antique store and bought the first interesting thing that you set your eyes on at the price that is on the object. In most places, the price that is on the item being sold leaves a little room to haggle. Be nice to yourself and ensure that you get what you need at a good price. Don’t be afraid to ask for a better price.
Tip 5: LEARN THE LINGO. If you are in an antique store and you like something, make sure you are listening properly to what the dealer is saying to you. Understand how something is made, know the history and let the seller do some of the talking before you start talking/haggling. Know your stuff but let them talk. It makes a great idea for a better deal when bargaining.
Tip 6: FIGURE OUT WHAT YOU WANT, USEFUL OR PRETTY. If you have decided that you are out to pick up something you want to display around the house as a pretty but useless thing, make sure that it is not chipped or broken or damaged before you buy it. And should you decide that you are out to get something that you are going to use on a regular basis, ensure that the object is not flawed and is fully functional before you purchase it. Take it for a test spin if the dealer allows it, and only when you are fully convinced that it is in the best condition it could be, make the deal.
Tip 7: KNOW THYSELF. Most important of all rules when you go antiquing anywhere is know what your budget is and make sure that you stick to it. It is not a good idea for anyone involved, especially you, if you exceed the budget you have set for yourself.
Once you get the basic rules pat down, antiquing can be as fun as you make it. To quote J R R Tolkien, “All that is gold does not glitter.” Be careful with what you pick up.
How many times have you visited a place and got blown away by the ambiance and decor? Recently I visited a hotel in Udaipur and I was mesmerized with the way the hotel’s decor was done. There wasn’t a single item that belonged to today’s world, from the flower pot to the statutes, it all appeared classic and vintage. Every artifact looked like an antique in itself. Everything that was displayed in the hotel lobby, courtyard of the rooms screamed out culture and heritage. Most of the displayed items belonged to the seventeenth century and it was used by the royal family. As a guest I felt that kind of an ambiance can be recreated at home. I realized with a little bit of patience and a few old & vintage looking items we can rekindle the same magic that we normally see in pictures and magazines.After all home is where the heart is so turn your house into a home by making a few changes. Here are some tips to revamp your house.
You can never go wrong with a vase, flowers or candles any day. But if you want to give a rustic look to your house replace the vase with some old and antique looking brass or copper pots. This look in your living room can be achieved by placing a large brass or copper pot on the center table. Fill the pot with water and drop some fresh rose or marigold petals. Once all the petals are buoyant you can make it look special by leaving a lighted floating candle. Another option to instantly light up your house is to arrange fresh flowers in brass baskets. These baskets with handles used to be carried when people went to pluck flowers in the olden days. This would be a perfect blend of antiquity and contemporary decor. Simple yet elegant display of the pot with petals will surely give your living space a royal feel.
If you are a plant lover and want to flaunt your indoor plants then replace your earthen flower pots with gleaming brass pots that are readily available in the market. You also have an option to mount the earthen flower pots on top of huge brass or copper vessels.A few brass flower pots inside the house will definitely be a head turner, it would not just be a center of attraction but also your house will get a classic and vintage feel. It would make your visitors believe that you are a sure shot antique lover.
Now let’s talk about wall decor, most of the times we end up hanging photo frames or paintings on the wall, but have you ever thought of making your wall look different. How about adding some antique twist to your wall? Many a times you must have come across carved frames but never paid attention and left it untouched at the shop, now remember next time you see one of those antique looking frames just grab it and get it home because there a lot of ways you can play with those frames to give your house an exuberance look. Simple way is to fix those frames on the wall in your bedroom or living room. You can insert your own picture and get it framed or use some classic looking paintings to add a touch of class.
Remember we got to mix our personal taste and style while doing up the house. No matter how modern or sophisticated we are but when it comes to decorating our houses we always prefer having rare and antique looking objects. These rare collectibles add an aura to your house that can’t be neglected, it also emits positives vibes and brings back history and culture.
I prefer collecting antiques and artifacts while travelling and adding them to my personal collection. Each place we visit has its own historical and cultural significance and most of it is portrayed in the artifacts. Also the cost of these items in its native place might be a lot less compared to the same item being sold elsewhere hence it is a good idea to buy it.
Remember not to clutter the house with too many things, it’s better to have one or two rare and big objects in the right place so that it can grab all the attention of your visitors. Displaying too many small items might lose its essence and value and your antiques might get over shadowed.
Antiques are rare collectible items that have survived the test of time and lived a lineage. It is a matter of pride to own such mystic pieces of art belonging to an era where we didn’t even live. A piece of antique takes us back in time giving an insight into the culture, values and beliefs of people who lived in that particular time period. An antique item could be anything belonging to an era; it could be anything ranging from utensils to weapons to drawings to coins. The best part about any piece of antique in present day is that it holds a lot more value and small things like a copper coin from your great great grandfather could make you a millionaire.
Antiques in modern day have been associated with the rich and famous; the ones that are available in the market cost a fortune and rest are in the museums are government property. More often than not, antiques have been smuggled and traded far and wide. Having said that, it is not so difficult to own a piece of art either. There are people who become art and antique dealers as they genuinely are mesmerized by the beauty of it and there are others who collect these rare collectibles and sell them for money. No matter which category you fall into, you have to have a flair to find a jewel in a heap of rubble. People sell replicas in the name of antiques and you have to be watchful about that. Trust a person who has in-depth understanding of antiques, before laying your hands on that item which you want to purchase or acquire.
Articles that are termed antiques are very special. Every item has a story attached to it and it portrays the efficiency and craftsmanship of the person who made it. Some artifacts have inscriptions on them and it gives us an idea about the culture of a bygone era. If you are lucky, there might be a piece of art that holds a hidden message to be deciphered. In olden days, people used to encrypt messages on various objects, as there was no way to protect it with a password. Artifacts with inscription make these objects all the more valuable. By looking at the inscriptions, you can tell which era the object belonged to and how old could that particular object be. Some objects do not even have to be so old; even things that were used a couple of decades ago can be termed antique now. And the things that we use today might be rare and valuable a couple of generations after.
However, there are a certain things that have gone missing from the face of the earth as they are replaced by a more advanced version or due to the advancement in techn aboutology. For example, when I was a kid, I had seen brass oil lamps that my grandmother use to light before it got dark. These lamps needed kerosene and a wick to do the job; there was no electricity in the villages those days. That particular lamp has become a thing of the past now; you can’t even find them in normal shops. People who have been born and brought up in cities can’t even imagine how it would look like. I would love to own one of those lamps as a showpiece for the wall in my sitting room and narrate the story behind it as to how my grandparents used it as a means of light when their village had known nothing electricity.
Buying and selling of antiques these days is on a rising spree. People are realising the value and importance of an old artefact. An ancient piece of artefact can be a perfect decor item; it can up lift the interior of your house to another level altogether. You can be perceived as a historian or an art lover and you never know your house can soon turn into a gallery. A copper lamp belonging to the 1920s or a brass plate from the 1800s can be a perfect decorative item for your sitting room. Most of us might even own these things at home in our store rooms, something that we inherited or something that has been passed down the family lineage. It is time you showered some love and affection on those items, dust them and give them some shine or polish. Wide range of products are available in the market that can heighten the glam quotient of a brass or copper object. You will be surprised when you place these items on the shelves of your living room; it will redefine your living space and it would catch the attention of every guest who visits your house. Buying antiques is a onetime investment; you can flaunt your taste in antiquity to your circle of friends and family members. You will have an option to pass it down your family tree or you can even sell it at a better price if you get bored with it. Antiques are like wine, they get better with age. I have decided that the next time I visit a new place I am going to pick up a rare item as a souvenir and start my own antique art gallery at home, and who knows it might even bring me a fortune someday.
Recently, I have added some more antiques to my collection, all thanks to a random visitor to my blog. How I acquired those antiques is a story in itself. Mr. Rajappan happened to stumble upon my blog by chance and shared that he had some antiques with him too. We exchanged messages and a couple of phone calls later; I was on my way to his hometown to take a look at his antique collection. I casually happened to mention to him that he should write about his love for antiques sometime. He actually did so and shared an article with me. I’m very happy to share his article with you. Hope you enjoy reading it.
I have always been different since my childhood with respect to my likes, interests, hobbies etc., unlike the general choice of children to go for toy guns, chocolates etc. I liked to collect stamps, coins, and spent most of my time reading about Indian history and the glorious past of our great country.
My First Tryst With Antiques
One day, while I was at home (fortunately), a scrap dealer had come for buying old utensils and other things. My mother accidentally gave him an antique bronze artifact which was with our family since a few generations. It was extremely beautiful and the workmanship and detail was amazing. I immediately noticed it and prevented it up from going into the hands of the scrap dealer. To be frank, I wasn’t happy with the fact that my mother was about to give it away to a scrap dealer without realizing that it was an integral piece of our culture. When I asked her about it, she told me that it was due to some distraction in the kitchen that she failed to notice and promised me that she would be more alert while disposing things to the scrap dealer in the future. This seemed to pacify me a bit. Not knowing what happens when old items are discarded as scrap, I prodded a bit more and my mother then explained to me that such articles were generally smashed by the scrap dealer. We both realized that we almost lost a piece of history forever with which the memories of all the family members who might have used such articles were associated.
We got talking and my mother said that she herself liked old things because they were part of the family heritage almost all of the old items we had with us ware given to her by her parents as gifts at the time of wedding. She also said that such articles of bronze and brass were made with true skill and dedication by the artisans in the past. They had ample time to work with earnestness and were proud of their work and things were made to last forever unlike things of today which are mostly ‘use and throw’ type.
My father was listening to our conversation all the while and he told me that the gold, silver, brass, bronze and copper utensils had anti-bacterial properties and therefore our forefathers had true vision and foresight to use these in temples for preparing ‘naivedya’ offering to the deity. Even the pious idols of the God were made with the alloy of gold, silver, brass, bronze and copper known as ‘Panchaloha metals’ meaning five noble metals in different proportions.
Old Is Truly Gold
The metals of yesteryear had some medicinal properties as well as they stabilized the deficiencies in the body as food was always prepared in brass vessels which were coated with tin to prevent the food from getting spoilt. Thus, there were very few health issues and people lived a healthy life till their death. But now there are so many new age materials like aluminum, teflon etc which we use and we don’t realise that we are actually speeding our way towards more and more health issues. Isn’t it an alarming fact that even children are developing diabetes, blood pressure, poor eyesight and lack of immunity nowadays?
My Association With YK Antiques
I was surfing the Internet one night and came across Shri Y. K. Murthy ji’s blog by chance. I was immediately attracted to it as iron would to a magnet. I read the different articles posted on the website by Murthy ji and others and saw the pictures. I got in touch with him and let him know that I had many things similar to the collection he had. During our conversation, he divulged his idea of setting up a museum of these antique treasures for the sake of our future generations. His idea was that the modern generation shouldn’t forget to appreciate our great civilization and must carry the traditions forward.
The effort and passion of this noble gentleman gave me an idea to handover my long cherished family possessions in the form of brass, bronze vessels, because I was damn sure that he is the right person to take utmost care of these things. Any other antique collector would have given me a lot of money, but my intention was not to make money, but to see it to it that these things are preserved and shown to as many people as possible who would want to see and know more about them.
I invited Murthy ji to come to my place at Malli, a small village near Srivilliputhur, which was kindly accepted by him and on meeting him at my residence, I came to know the genuine enthusiasm of this senior citizen which was like an innocent child. He was eager to know more about everything I told him. I escorted him to the temple and on his request accompanied him on this departure to Madurai as the weight of the things was too much. Even at this prime age, he can put any youth to shame with his energy and spirit. He is a fitting example to all the youngsters and others who lose hope with life and take to alcohol, drugs, smoking, gambling and other such vices and commit suicide, that life is worth living and to live it to it’s fullest and to be of a guiding lamp is what personifies him.
Who Am I?
My name is Rajappan and my father’s name is Gopalan. I belong to the Vaishnava Sampradaya, colloquially known as Iyengar community. We primarily worship only Vishnu and his avataras like Rama, Krishna and others along with Laxmi. Our community is spread all over the world and some of the noted personalities are K. Srikanth (Cricketer), Jayalalitha (C.M. of Tamil Nadu), Kamal Hassan (Actor), Vyjayanthimala (a very famous and popular actress of yesteryear) to name a few.
Our main centers of worship are Sri Rangam in Trichy, Tirupathi, Trivandrum, Guruvayur etc.
Ramanujacharya is our foremost acharya who was a great revolutionary in the field of religion during the 12th century. He considered everyone irrespective of their caste as equal and also brought many so called untouchables to the Sri Vaishnava fold. He is also an example of a selfless guide to his disciples. You can read more about this great soul on the internet.
My Grandmother would often tell us that her forefathers belonged to a group of families who were instrumental in building the famous Venkateshwara temple at Tirupati and many generations served as temple priests there and they were respected and patronized by the King Thirumalai Nayakar and other Kings of that time.
A Little Bit About My Family
My father was a Central Government Employee and I did all my studies in Mumbai.
My mother was a housewife. She was not much educated, but through her sheer grit and will-power she learnt many things in life and would even surprise highly educated people with her thoughts. Both my parents have passed away. May their souls rest in peace.
Coming to my siblings, we are three brothers. My elder and younger brothers live in Mumbai with their respective families.
From The Maddening Metro To My Roots
After working for many years in Mumbai, at one point I just got fed up with the daily grind of the city life and realized that money is not the only thing which gives one happiness. Money is important, but contentment and peace of mind are equally important if not more important.
So, I decided to move to my native village. Being spiritually awakened, I did not find it difficult to settle down and get myself adjusted to this change. I got married after I came to my native village and am blessed with a daughter. My wife’s name is Priya and my daughter is Srinidhi.
I stay in an Agraharam (an exclusive Brahmins street in ancient times) village called Malli which is about 8 kilometres from Srivilliputhur, a temple town in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu. It is famous for the temple of Sri Andal, who is the incarnation of Lakshmi and one of the 108 divya desams of Vaishnava Sampradaya. She is also the only female Alwar (saint) out of the 13 Alwars in the Vaishnava Sampradaya (Tradition). The Gopuram of this temple is the emblem of the Tamil Nadu Government. The temple is more than 1500 years old and the wooden chariot is the biggest in India.
There is a lot that I would like to share and maybe in the coming days or months I will write about different topics which are important.
If any of you are interested in acquiring genuine brass, bronze, painting artifacts please let me know. You can get my contact details from Shri Y. K. Murthy.
This large brass storage pot is known as Kidaram in Tamil language. Kidaram is used for storage of water in the area known as Chettinadu in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Chettinadu is a dry area and in the olden days where corporation water supply was not available through the running pipelines, people used to depend on rain water for drinking purpose. Rain water used to be collected in a large vessel with wide open mouth placed directly under the sky to capture as much water as possible and then the collected water would be transferred to kidaram for storage.
Usage Of Kidaram For Fetching And Storage Of Water
There is another method for collection of rain water for drinking purpose. Chettinadu houses are designed to have large courtyards open to sky within their huge houses. The openings have a sloping roof from all four sides and rain water would pour down into the floor of the courtyards. By this design of the house, the Chettinadu people used to have rain water pouring down into their own houses. The flowing water from the roof used to be collected into the kidaram directly after filtering the water through clean white veshti (dhoti or pancha) or white saree traditionally worn by elderly widows. The old photo albums of Chettiyar’s marriage functions reveal the use of these large kidarams mounted on the traditional bullock carts to bring water from the local temple tank called ‘Oorani‘ for cooking feast for the guests.
The Design Of Kidaram
The storage pot has a huge belly to enable preserving large quantity of water with a narrow neck to prevent spillage or evaporation of the water. This pot shown in the picture has belly circumference (perimeter) of 8.4 feet and looks really huge. The height is 3 feet 10 inches with pedestal and 3 feet 4 inches without pedestal. The bottom circumference is 6 feet 7 inches. The base of the neck is 11 inches in diameter and the opening of the neck is 1 feet 2 inches in diameter. The rings of both sides of the neck are 5 and ½ inches each. The height of the lid is 6 inches. The huge pot weighs 40 kilos without the pedestal. It has to be carried by two people at least and is normally transported by inserting a long bamboo pole through the two rings and each person shouldering the each end of the pole.
The kidaram is the largest of all variety of vessels used in Chettinadu homes. This huge vessel matches with the gigantic scale of the architecture of the houses. Kidaram is used as a water harvesting device along with the sloping roof and open courtyards which facilitate the rain water to flow into the house. An excellent and ingenious design invented by Nagarathar to harvest water in the drought prone Chettinadu. These beautiful kidarams would normally decorate the four corners of the ‘Mutram,’ another name for open courtyard. If not four, at least one kidaram will be in one corner containing drinking water. The height of the kidarams varies between 3 to 7 feet. The kidarams are made out of either copper or brass. Though copper kidarams are costly, they preserve the purity of water for more than 6 months. That is the magic of the copper. It is interesting to note that the lid to this giant vessel comes in the shape of a roof of a hut.
The Colour Of The Kidaram
The colour of the vessel looks brownish green because of formation of patina on the surface of the brass vessel due to age. According to my estimate it should be 150 years to 200 years old belonging to early 1860s. It is natural that a thin protective layer forms on the surface of aged brass or copper items and this layer is called ‘patina’ which will be brownish green initially and turns into beautiful green colour as per the age of the exposed metal.
The best example of patina is the famous Statue of Liberty, the colossal sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States which is made out of copper. Instead of the original copper colour of pinkish brown, it looks greenish due to formation of patina over the 130 years of exposure to nature. It was commissioned in the year 1886 and is nearly 130 years old.
What is patina?
According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Patina (/ˈpætɨnə/ or /pəˈtiːnə/) is a thin layer that variously forms on the surface of stone; on copper, bronze and similar metals (tarnish produced by oxidation or other chemical processes); on wooden furniture (sheen produced by age, wear, and polishing); or any such acquired change of a surface through age and exposure. Patinas can provide a protective covering to materials that would otherwise be damaged by corrosion or weathering. They may also be aesthetically appealing.”
Antique lovers, particularly from the west, love their antiques with the original patina formation. Patina gives a beautiful brownish green colour to the metallic objects and is aesthetically appealing. Some people prefer their antiques cleaned thoroughly of the patina to reveal the original color of the object when it was made. Archaeologists find out the age of the object by analyzing the patina.
How I Collected This Wonderful Brass Pot
During one of my trips in search of antiques, I happened to see this beauty in an antique shop in Karaikudi town in Chettinadu. It looked stunningly beautiful and my instinct prompted me to possess it. After the initial inquiries with the shop owner, I realized it is beyond my reach to buy the piece. I kept on dreaming about it. In one of my conversations, I mentioned to my friend Mr Jana Balasubramaniam, an investor by profession and Co-founder and Director in a company, whom we affectionately call Jana, about my visit to Karaikudi and my interest in antiques. He told me to inform him if I visit Karaikudi again and that he would make arrangements for my antique hunting. I did so when I planned to have a second visit.
Jana introduced me to Mr Muralidharan, a native of Karaikudi and a well-known professional. Here I must say that Mr Muralidharan is an excellent host and he personally accompanied me to the antique shops. I confessed to him my desire to own the huge brass water storage pot if I get it within my budget. It was a pleasant surprise to me that the shop owner greeted Mr Muralidharan with respect in the local Tamil language and enquired about the purpose of his visit to his shop. I later realized that being a local professional, most of the shop owners in the locality know him and he was well regarded. Mr Muralidharan managed to finalize the price within my budget including a stone pedestal to mount the huge pot (if the brass pot is not mounted on a stone or a wooden pedestal, there are chances of the base of the pot getting damaged), packing, forwarding and transporting the vessel by road to reach Hyderabad where I reside. The pot was delivered to me in an excellent condition and now it occupies a prominent place in my house with every visitor admiring its regal elegance.
I am grateful to Jana for his wonderful gesture of introducing me to Mr Muralidharan and for making excellent arrangements for my visit to Karaikudi. I am indebted to Mr Muralidharan for taking care of me so well and making it possible for me to own this grand vessel.
The Unique Architecture Of Chettiar Houses
Here I must say something about Chettinadu and Chettiar’s houses. Chettinadu is a hot and semi-arid region. The Chettinadu houses were designed taking into consideration the climate of the region. The materials for construction were selected accordingly to insulate and ventilate the houses. The central point of the houses were the courtyards facing east/west and the houses are built around the courtyards that bring in light, sun, shade, air and rain to the house. Chetti is a short form of Chettiars, also known as Nagarathar, the trading and finance business community in Tamil Nadu. Chettinadu means the region where Chettiars live. They are also called as ‘Nattu Kotai Chettiars’ meaning the Chettiars who live in the houses resembling mini forts or local forts. This entrepreneurial community developed their own architecture and town planning and their houses are unique in their size and design. The houses are huge mansions normally extending from one road to next parallel road. The front entrance door will start in one road and the backend exit door will be in the next parallel road.
The general design is that there will be a central courtyard with a high decorated roof surrounded on four sides by corridors supported by huge wooden pillars. From the corridors will be the entrance to the array of rooms for the family. There will be two or three courtyards in a typical house. The striking part of the houses is the highly carved wooden doors and windows .The houses are generally finished with special plaster made out of lime and the white of the egg, stucco work, terracotta tiled roofs, marble floors and Athangudi tiles that come in a myriad of colors and patterns, and stain glassed windows. The entrances of the houses are adorned with the icons of Gajalakhmi, Parvathi Parameswar and Meenakshi Sundereswar. The belief is that Gajalaksmi brings in wealth and prosperity and Shiva Parvathi couple brings in happy family life to the residents.
Attar is an Indian name for the traditional perfumes made in India by ancient technique of distillation using copper vessels.This beautifully shaped copper vessel called ‘Bhapka’ is used in the traditional method of distillation of attar. The very mention of attar gives a romantic feeling of lingering fragrance that is unique to Indian culture. Mughal emperors, Indian Maharajas, their queens and harems, the noble families of bygone era, all used delicately scented traditional attars for lifting their souls to new levels of ecstasy and make themselves more inviting. Each royalty patronised their own favourite attar and their arrival was significantly felt by the kind of attar associated with them and the gentle perfumed wind heralded their arrival into the royal durbars, courts and to their ladies.
The traditional attars are made with rare and exotic variety of flowers, herbs, roots and spices. The base oil for the attar is Sandalwood oil. It has the inherent quality of absorbing the scents of the other oils by subsiding its own scent.
The Dwindling Effect
The once famous and most adored traditional attars of Hindustan are no more available in their sublime purity. The pervading adulteration has also penetrated into these traditional scents. The reasons could be the rarity and the high cost of sandalwood oil, insensitivity to fine taste and quality and most importantly the greed to make money by dubious methods.
The competition from the poor chemically made scents (called foreign scents) that invaded the Indian markets with their abundant side-effects could be one of the reasons for the lack of buyers for the authentic, pure agro-based and environment friendly (eco-friendly) attars. The so called sprays of foreign scents that produce more gas and side-effects than perfume with their low price have virtually killed the traditional attars that gave the divine and delicate fragrances to the connoisseurs.
A Memory from My Childhood
When I was about 12 or 13, there was an attar vendor whose name was Sayeeb. He used to come to our house often and sell a variety of attars. He was a middle aged Muslim man, dressed in a traditional white kurta and pyjama along with a turban with its tail end hanging till his hips. He sported a pepper-salt beard, had an assorted colored beads necklace hanging around his neck and walked barefoot. He carried a beautiful wooden box with brass trims, lined inside with maroon coloured mukhmal (velvet) cloth containing different bottles of attar. Each bottle was securely placed in the square slots resembling pigeon holes. The box was hung on his shoulder with the help of a thick cotton tape secured to the brass handles of the box.
Whenever he used to visit our house, he used to unlock the box and open it for us to have a glimpse of the beautiful bottles with divine fragrances. He would ask us to stretch our hands and then would dab tiny amount of attar on the back of our palms and ask us to experience the fragrance. Once we were convinced and our selection made, he would dexterously pour the ordered quantity into our tiny glass bottles taken out from our own little attar daan. Attar daan is a small box with brass trims having slots inside to place each attar bottle which has a mini lock. Locking the attar daan was very much required since the costly and rare attars had to be protected from misuse. The attar daan was always kept in a cupboard with other valuable items like silk sarees, gold ornaments, silver items etc.
The Making Of Traditional Attar
The process of making traditional attars takes a minimum of ten days.The flowers are soaked in water and heated in large copper pots . The automatic vapours are then transferred to a receptacle copper vessel through bamboo pipes containing pure Sandalwood oil which is the base oil for attar. Attar is also made from aromatic spices, herbs, roots etc.
The distillation unit consists of three parts.
Part one is a large copper vessel called ‘Deg’ in which water and fragrant flowers to be distilled are placed.
Part two is a copper vessel with a large belly and narrow long neck called ‘Bhapka’. Bhapka means ‘steam’ in Hindi language and that is why the vessel that captures the fragrance filled steam from the deg is called bhapka.
Part three is a ‘Chonga’, a hallow bamboo pipe that connects the deg and bhapka. The bamboo pipe is wrapped with rope made from local grasses and serves as an insulator to the pipe.
The simple distillation unit extracts the inherent delicate essence of the fragrant flower. The deg is filled with pure water and then the fresh fragrant flowers are placed inside it. Its lid is then sealed by a clay ribbon of approximately three inches and tightly held by a spring called ‘Kamani’ which makes a vapor tight sealing system between the deg and its lid.
There will be a hole on the lid to insert a bamboo pipe to extract the vapors from the deg. The receiving copper vessel i.e. bhapka is filled with pure sandalwood oil. Bamboo pipe is inserted into its mouth and sealed with clay and cotton. The sealed bhapka with the bamboo pipe is lowered and allowed to settle down into the waters of a cooling tank known as ‘gachchi’ that eventually converts the sweet vapors into molecules of fragrant attar.
The other end of the bamboo pipe is inserted into the hole in the lid of the deg and sealed tightly by the combination of cotton and clay. The deg containing flowers in water is heated with wood or cow-dung fire and the fragrant vapors produced rise up from the deg and pass through the bamboo pipes into the bhapka immersed in the cooling tank. The vapors get condensed in the bhapka and after distillation the water and oil get separated and the aromatic oil molecules get absorbed by the sandalwood oil. Then the water is taken off or decanted through the hole in the bhapka and mixed with the water in the deg for the next process of distillation.
The distillation process is repeated several times for 15 days till the sandalwood oil in the bhapka is fully saturated and achieves the desired fragrant perfume of that flower. The sandalwood oil completely gives up its own fragrance and acquires the fragrance of the flower that is used in distillation process.
A Little Something about the Marvellous Antique Bhapka
This bhapka is handmade with copper metal sheet of thick gauge. You will observe beautiful hammer marks throughout its body. It was initially made into few parts and later joined together to make a perfectly shaped bhapka with a nice big belly and a neat long neck. At a glance, it gives an impression of a huge copper flower vase made perfectly. This is how I looked at it when I first saw it in the warehouse of an antique dealer in Ahmedabad way back in the year 1986. During one of my usual rounds to antique shops in Ahmedabad, I saw this odd looking copper vessel and I inquired about it with the shop owner. He had no idea about it. I liked its shape and the pattern of the hammer marks. I also saw that there were inscriptions on the body and I was confident that I could decode the inscriptions and find out the true nature and purpose for which it was made. I struck a bargain and brought it along with me to Mumbai where I used to stay back then. After cleaning, it was so beautiful and shiny with pinkish brown color. Its flower vase type of shape gave me an idea that it would make an exquisite floor lamp base. I bought a large size lamp shade made out of gold color silk cloth and fixed it on the top of its long neck. It was perfect! Later it became a center of attraction in our drawing room and conversation piece when guests would arrive.
The old classic literature on attars say that the floral variety that are primarily used for making attar are rose, jasmine, bele, molesari, champa and tuberose. Coming to root variety, vetiver and ginger are mainly used for making attar. Barks of trees like cinnamon, sandalwood and aloe bark are also used. Musk, ambergris (a wax-like substance that originates as a secretion in the intestines of the sperm whale, found floating in tropical seas and used in perfume manufacture) and myrrh (a fragrant gum resin obtained from certain trees) are also used.
For all these ingredients, sandalwood oil is used as the base oil since the natural fragrance of the oil vanishes and it imbibes the aroma of the flower.
The Right Way To Apply Attar
It is mentioned in our ancient texts as to which part of the body should be anointed with attar for the maximum benefits in terms of aroma and health to the body and mind. Attars are applied on ‘pulse points’ which emanate the aroma most effectively. The blood vessels are nearest to the skin at the pulse points giving off much heat thus serving as mini pumps of fragrance. The warmth generated from the pulse points diffuses the aroma of the attar into the air. The continuous diffusion function of the body helps the wearer to enjoy the aroma through the day.
The sensitive pulse points are located behind the ears, between the breasts, on the neck and on the ankles, elbows and knees. Attar is to be applied on the heart centre, over the points of wrist pulse, back portion of the ears and on the subtle energetic pathways called marma points known as ajna or sthapani on the middle of forehead area. These points are conducive for the aromatic oils and they can be fully absorbed into the skin and the release of fragrance is gentle and subtle around the body. These aromatic attars regulate the breathing rhythm, stabilize the heartbeat, soothe the nervous system and calm the brain. These gentle aromatic attars lift your spirits to a higher level of consciousness, regulate prana and circulate the vital energy throughout.
A Brief About Sandalwood Oil
Sandalwood oil is distilled from the matured tree heartwood and the roots of the tree. The oil is extracted by water or steam distillation method. A mature sandalwood tree yields up to 60 kilograms of perfumed oil. Most of the oil produced is used by the perfume and toiletries industry. The world famous Sandalwood soap is manufactured from the oil extracted from the trees grown in the forests of Karnataka around Mysore.
The advantage with perfume manufacturing using the distillation process is that the fragrance improves with the age of attar. The sandalwood oil is a fantastic fixative and an excellent preservative. If the attars are carefully preserved,the quality improves with age like in a vintage wine.
An Interesting Anecdote About Mysore Sandal Soap
There is a very interesting story on how the Mysore Sandal Soap came into existence. During the British rule in India, the Maharaja of Mysore used to harvest the sandalwood oil and export the same to England. It so happened that for some reason or the other, one shipment of sandalwood oil was rejected and the Maharaja did not know what to do with such huge precious cargo. One of his advisers advised the Maharaja to use the aromatic oil in his own production of soaps. The Maharaja immediately commissioned a soap-making plant to manufacture high class sandalwood soaps. Thus, the Maharaja stopped all export of sandalwood oil and the produce was used in the production of sandalwood soaps and in other related perfumery and toiletries industry. Till India attained independence, the Maharaja Soap factory was run by the Kingdom of Mysore.
You never must have given a thought about how attar is made till now. But behind it is an elaborate process and the vessels used were made for a purpose. With the advent of technology, traditional methods are slowly taking a hit along with all things associated with it. By now I guess you know that every time you apply a drop of attar, thousands of flowers go into making the perfume along with the hard manual labor of artisans who take it upon themselves to keep alive the tradition of the dwindling craft of making attar. The attar is natural and made from nature’s most delicate creation known as flowers and aromatic produce. It is gentle on the skin and has no side effects. It is absolutely divine!